# RF Output Power vs Antenna gain

I have a RF device which work on 2.4 GHz and Output power is 30 dBm (1 W), RF output is connected to a whip antenna (gain 2 dBi, omidirection), distance track between RF pad to antenna is kept as short as possible to avoid any losses, 50 ohm independence is maintain all over this track.

So with this antenna actually my transmit power will be double or not since my antenna gain is 2 dbi?

Also the antenna transmit the radio wave, so what really it means if antenna transmit 1 W radio wave or tranmit 2 W of radio wave, how physically this wave behave in air, does both have amplitude difference, or it just like that higher the power and far it can travel?

• No, the antenna doesn't magically produce more power. You should read up on what antenna gain actually means. – Catsunami Aug 20 '18 at 17:43
• Related: Antenna Gain explanation, but I'm not marking as duplicate because I think the other question invites a more technical answer, while this one invites a more qualitative answer. – The Photon Aug 20 '18 at 17:48
• Keep this energy away from your eyes. 1 watt in 1cm^2 is way larger than what the human eye can tolerate. – analogsystemsrf Aug 21 '18 at 3:30

## 1 Answer

An isotropic antenna would emit power in all directions and have 0 dBi gain (The "i" stands for "relative to isotropic").

Your whip antenna is omnidirectional but not isotropic. It emits power equally in all horizontal directions: north, south, east, and west; but it doesn't emit much power straight up into the air or down into the ground. It has 2 dBi gain because by not emitting up and down, it can send more power horizontally. But no receiver will receive even close to 1 W from your transmitter unless it completely surrounds you in all directions.

A more directional antenna, like a horn antenna, will only emit in roughly one direction, for example, north.

This antenna will have higher gain than your whip, 13 dBi according to the designer, but still no receiver will get more than 1 W from it. They'll just get 13 dB more than they might have got from an isotropic antenna that spread the 1 W over all directions. And of course if they stand off to the side or behind the horn they'll receive much less power than they would have from the omnidirectional whip antenna.