As we move from an imaginary load towards generator through a transmission line, we can see that real and imaginary part of that impedance changes. In fact, an ideal transmission line is comprised of inductors and capacitors. It can alter only the imaginary part of a load; how does the real part of the load change?
Once the transmission line becomes lossy, the constant gamma circle on Smith-chart gradually shrinks down to the center and meets the characteristic impedance. Can anyone explain how this happens?
Thanks in Advance!