Circuit diagram The first op-amp is a differential, second one is a follower and third one is a second order low pass filter. I've been struggling with the low pass and the final output of the circuit and I am not sure whether my calculations are correct or not, they are still incomplete though(Always had troubles with these kind of circuits). Refer to the input voltage as Vi, first stage output as Vo1, second stage output as Vo2 and final output as Vo.

My calculations so far:

enter image description here

  • \$\begingroup\$ Side note: I believe Multisim has a tool where you can calculate the transfer function. But if you have to do this by hand, I would suggest you think of each stage like a block utilizing control theory. What's the math behind three blocks being fed back to the input? \$\endgroup\$ – KingDuken Sep 8 '18 at 18:40

Here's how I would start it: -

enter image description here

You can calculate the filter TF seperately but concentrate on solving the feedback problem first with the unknown TF as "TF": -

enter image description here

Write down what you know: -

  1. V1 = Vin - V2
  2. V2 = V1.TF

From (2) V1 = V2/TF and from (1) V2/TF = Vin - V2

Solve for V2 using (1): -

V2(1 + 1/TF) = Vin therefore

\$\dfrac{V_{OUT}}{V_{IN}} = \dfrac{1}{1+TF}\$

Then solve the transfer function TF (it looks fairly easy given that it is a sallen key 2nd order preceded by a simple 1st order filter with a buffer between them hence no impedance interactions).

Sallen key stage (help from wiki): -

enter image description here

That's the hard bit and H(s) just multiplies with the transfer function of the low pass filter which I'll leave you to do.

Then you'll have "TF" which you can insert into the equation I derived.


Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.