# High Side MOSFET Driver

I am familiar with the bootstrap circuit and its design procedure. The steps involve:

a) Figure out the Qg of the MOSFET at the Vgs you plan to operate (for instance Vgs=15V, Qg=150nC). Next, figure out the current consumed by the gate driver IC itself (for instance 3mA). Also know the frequency of the PWM input (fs=100kHz, ts=10us) and the duty cycle (D=90%, Ton=9us).

So the total charge required by the boot strap cap. would be: 150n + (3m*9u) = 177nC

b) The next step involves calculating the value of the boot strap capacitance (CB), based off of UVLO. Lets say we don't want the voltage to droop below 14V.

CB = 177n/(15-14) = 177nF

c) Finally, make sure that the CB is replenished with 177nC of charge in 1us (i.e. D'*ts). Therefore the current demand on the source (the source which is connected to the bootstrap diode) is:

I = 177n/1u = 177mA

Now, as shown in the figure below, there is also the option to use an isolated DC-DC converter instead of the boot strap diode: Most of the SMD/SMT DC-DC converters I have come across (Mouser list of isolated dc dc converters) are generally rated at 1W or 2W. If you were to select one which has an output voltage of 15V, then you would get an output current of about 66mA. Which is not good enough for the calculations listed above. Of course in this case, there is no scenario where the cap. C1 has to bear all the load by itself (as the DC-DC converter never disconnects from the cap., unlike the bootstrap topology)

My question is:

1) If a DC-DC converter of 1W is selected (i.e. Iout=66mA), and the same MOSFET with Qg=150nC is selected to operate at 100kHz, D=90%, Will the circuit operate? (Also don't forget the gate driver consuming 3mA)

The DC-DC converter can supply a total of 66mA for all of the ts=10us, so Q=66m*10u = 660nC. This is more than enough! But is it that straight forward?

2) Also what are the design constraints on C1?

• Without going through everything carefully, you have made some kind of awful mistake. You should not need 177mA for your bootstrap circuit. Most of the power supplied would be dissipated in the gate of the transistor. I can't believe you need to dissipate several Watts in the transistor gate just to switch at 100kHz. – mkeith Sep 21 '18 at 3:05
• Most datasheets and application notes suggest the calculation that I have mentioned (ON Semi, Silicon labs, etc). That's typically how the design goes. I don't think there is any "awful mistake". By the by, its not 177mA of cont. current, just for a microsecond. – Alex Sep 21 '18 at 4:06
• Well, microsecond scale currents can be supplied by the output cap of the regulator. Just make sure the output cap is much bigger than the bootstrap cap (say 50x to 100x) and make sure the power supply is OK with a cap that size. Then the power supply really only has to supply the average current. – mkeith Sep 21 '18 at 4:56
• Simulate simulate simulate. – Andy aka Sep 21 '18 at 13:36

## 1 Answer

The way to handle this, where you use a floating supply for the high-side drive, is to size the supply for the average current, and make sure that C1 is much bigger than Cgs. When the driver turns on the FET, the power supply can't react quickly enough to supply the needed current. All of the charge transferred to the gate will come from C1 in an instant (likely much less than 1us that you quoted). The goal here is to make sure that the instantaneous drop in C1 will be negligible (say 1% or 5% of regulator output). That means that C1 should be something like 20x (5% drop) to 100x (1% drop) of Cgs.

Now, what is the average current? From your calculation, if I understand it correctly, average current is 3mA * D + 150nC * 100kHz. So that is only 18mA.

The only other thing to check is that the supply will function correctly with the value of C1 you have chosen. Documentation should spell this out. Also, the supply most likely has a built-in output capacitor. So in reality C1 might not need to be that big. But if the supply is connected to the PCB by wires, I would want to add C1 close to the driver regardless.