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I am designing a constant current supply using Opamp LM324 & MOSFET IRFZ44N for driving LEDs.

My challenge is to switch the supply to the opamp through a microcontroller. At present, I am controlling it through a potentiometer. I want to remove the potentiometer and use a microcontroller for adjusting the gate supply voltage.

Please see the attached image.

schematic diagram

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    \$\begingroup\$ And what is the question? \$\endgroup\$ – Chupacabras Sep 21 '18 at 9:25
  • \$\begingroup\$ Why do you want to switch the op-amp supply? \$\endgroup\$ – Andy aka Sep 21 '18 at 13:31
  • \$\begingroup\$ Question is how should I control the opamp input wherein I want to regulate its input without using a potentiometer as in the diagram. My preferred approach would be to use a microcontroller. \$\endgroup\$ – tshivam Sep 24 '18 at 4:37
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To answer your question directly: you could drive the positive input of the opamp by using a PWM output from the MCU, and low-pass-filter it (cap + resistor).

But this isn't actually the simplest way to do it. You can get rid of the opamp and achieve the same result:

Just put a simple resistor to build the constant-current source for the LEDs (and set it for the highest current you want to go through the LED: max brightness), and apply PWM to turn off completely the LED at the required duty cycle in order to achieve the desired brightness (due to persistence of vision).

So, basically a circuit as simple as this would make it:

schematic

simulate this circuit – Schematic created using CircuitLab

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  • \$\begingroup\$ Your pulsed circuit is no more efficient than the OP's variable current circuit. Light output is proportional to average current either way, and so is power consumption at constant Vcc. \$\endgroup\$ – Olin Lathrop Sep 21 '18 at 10:52
  • \$\begingroup\$ @Olin Damn, you're right. I was fooled by the fact the FET dissipates, but the net result is the same. I'll rewrite, simply underlining the fact the suggested circuit is simpler. \$\endgroup\$ – dim Sep 21 '18 at 11:08

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