For a full wave rectifier, can it rectify an AC wave with a DC offset above the rated voltage of its diodes rated voltage if the peak to peak voltage of the wave is within its rated voltage? Like if you had a rectifier that with diodes that could work up to 10 volts, and you were rectifying electricity with 100 volts DC and a 5 volt amplitude sine wave ripple, would it work because the AC component is only varying by 10 volts?
No, you can't do that. If you have 5V peak-to-peak riding on top of 100V dc then two of the rectifier diodes will always be forward biased. The other two diodes will see a combined reverse voltage that varies from 95V to 105V. On the other hand, it really doesn't make sense to use a rectifier when the input voltage is always positive.
To answer this question, we'd need a little bit more background information, but here's a few ideas:
If you wish to simply get rid of the ripple from a powersource for e.g. an audio power amp, a series of RC lowpass filters is a good idea. Here's a link that discusses the subject: http://www.learnabout-electronics.org/PSU/psu12.php
If you're not going to draw much power from the supply, I guess could could go with a diode and a capacitor:
If you really want to do what you're saying, (i.e. a fully rectified ripple wave on top of 100VDC), then the following might work (but no guarantees, I haven't simulated it).