What are each of those components on the chip?
The largest objects are capacitors of 10nF to 100nF and are across the main power feed to the IC. The small objects with 4 pads per side are 20 to 22 ohm damping resistors, 4 per package, used to prevent overshoots, ringing and ground bounce from the high peak drive currents used. Without them the data rate would have to be ten times slower to avoid corruption of data.
The small bluish objects are likely resistors of a higher wattage to damp noise from the main power feeds to this IC. They work with the capacitors to create RC based noise filters. Per comments below by Ale..chenski some may also be bias/timing resistors to insure crucial initializing software starts up first, and under voltage detection.
I cannot see every object in detail, so I might have missed a couple.