I have a little piece of code, that applies again and again, in different places. The places are too irregular, the code is too small, and the input and varies too much to be able to use an entity.

Is there anything macro like in VHDL?

for example:

macro do_something(input_a, output_b);
  counter_1 <= counter_1 + 1;
  output_b <= input_a & other_input;
  other_output <= input_a;
end macro;
-- note: since this uses other_output, it can obviously only be used in one process!

process(clock) begin
  if some_condition then
  elsif some_other_condition then
  end if;
end process

The idea would be that the "do_something" would be replaced by the individual instructions.

Is there such a thing?


2 Answers 2


I would advice to use a procedure over a function for this, since putting this in a function results in impure functions, which always bring along a number of issues. Procedures are exactly what you describe here. Syntax for your example:

procedure proc_do_something(input_a : in integer range 0 to c_argument_max,
                            output_b : out integer range 0 to c_argument_max) is
  counter <= counter + 1;
  output_b <= input_a & other_input;
  other_output <= input_a;
end procedure proc_do_something

Definition is done between the is and begin of the process you want to use it in. I know declaration can theoretically be done in packages in case of blackbox behaviour, although I've never seen that done before.

  • \$\begingroup\$ IEEE Std 1076-2008 Executing a simple assignment statement "If a given procedure is declared by a declarative item that is not contained within a process statement, and if a simple waveform assignment statement appears in that procedure, then the target of the simple waveform assignment shall be a formal parameter of the given procedure or of a parent of that procedure, or an aggregate of such formal parameters. ...". This allows drivers to be determined statically. \$\endgroup\$
    – user8352
    Nov 29, 2018 at 0:56

I think functions would do what you're looking for

function BOOL_TO_SL(X : boolean)
              return std_ulogic is
  if X then
    return '1';
    return '0';
  end if;
  • \$\begingroup\$ functions are great for intermediate calculations (as in your answer), but horrible if you want to change the state of the entity they're used in (as in the question). Impure functions have always lead to synthesis issues in each project I've seen them used in. \$\endgroup\$
    – DonFusili
    Nov 26, 2018 at 9:28

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service and acknowledge that you have read and understand our privacy policy and code of conduct.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.