Background: A few days ago, the air conditioning unit at work began failing to start. Fans would turn, lights would be on, but no compressor start. I called a technician and he said the start capacitor was damaged (open).
So, I said, please replace said start capacitor (not expensive, excluding workmanship), and he replied that the compressor should be checked because if the compressor is being overloaded the capacitor would blow again.
Knowing that start/run capacitor, when used in monophasic applications, have only the purpose of creating a phase shift allowing for increased starting torque, and after started it effectively is disconnected from the circuit I suspect there is no sense in that.
That said, I ask you if the load profile of a motor, for example, if overloaded, have any influence in the longevity or failure rate of start/run capacitors.
Do not take into consideration ambient temperature, line voltage fluctuations and other factors not related to the motor and the capacitor.