simulate this circuit – Schematic created using CircuitLab

Question: Find the y parameters for the circuit shown below.

My attempt:


\$I_1 = I_3 + I_6 \$

\$I_4 = I_3 + I_5\$

\$I_5 = I_2 + I_6\$


\$I_3 = \frac{V_1 - V_a}{20}\$

\$I_4 = \frac{V_a-0}{10}\$

\$I_5 = \frac{V_2 - V_a}{4}\$

\$I_6 = \frac{V_1 - V_2}{8}\$

Solving this systems for \$ V_1 \$ and \$ V_2\$ yields:

\$ V_1 = \frac{35}{2} + \frac{25}{2} \$

\$ V_2 = \frac{25 }{2} + \frac{27}{2} \$

Therefore our Z parameters are as follows:

\begin{bmatrix} \frac{35}{2} & \frac{25}{2} \\ \frac{25}{2} & \frac{27}{2} \end{bmatrix}

I know how to find the y parameters using delta Z, but I thought there was a way to solve for these items directly in the system of equations. Can I solve for the y parameters directly?

  • \$\begingroup\$ y-parameters is just admittance instead of impedance, so ofcourse it is possible. But why do it if its easier for you to find the z parameters first, and then convert it? \$\endgroup\$
    – Linkyyy
    Nov 30, 2018 at 20:38
  • \$\begingroup\$ @Linkyyy I solved it this way as it was the only way I knew how. I would rather solve for y instead of z in the system of equations \$\endgroup\$ Nov 30, 2018 at 20:40
  • \$\begingroup\$ @Linkyyy are you saying, in general, it is easier to do it the way I'm doing it now? \$\endgroup\$ Nov 30, 2018 at 21:03
  • \$\begingroup\$ Look up the definition of y parameters, and you will see that it is not that dificult when you already understand what z parameters is. The difference is you short the opposite port, instead of having it open circuited. Then you calculate the admittance instead of the impedance (which is really just the reciprocal of each other) \$\endgroup\$
    – Linkyyy
    Nov 30, 2018 at 21:08

1 Answer 1


hint: \$ Y_{11} = \frac{I_1}{V_1} \$ when you short-circuit \$ V_2 \$.
This arises from \$ I_1 = V_1 Y_{11} + V_2 Y_{12} \$. The short-circuited \$ V_2 \$ forces the \$V_2 Y_{12} \$ term to zero.

The other equation that applies is \$ I_2 = V_1 Y_{21} + V_2 Y_{22} \$ .

Somehow, you just memorize these (they're burned into my non-volatile-memory). The other aid to memory is visualization of a current source in parallel with a conductance: one for input port and another for output port. Another aid to sanity-check your memory is to verify units. For Y-parameters, units must be in terms of conductance and/or susceptance....like a current divided by a voltage.


simulate this circuit – Schematic created using CircuitLab

You seem to be more familiar with Z-parameters. Here, units are resistance, and instead of current sources, you have two voltage sources, with series-resistors. Of course, you could solve the Z-parameter equations, then transform the four parameters into Y-parameters, but that's a bit round-about.


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