Ii need to get the remainder while dividing from 5 but I don't want to use modulus airthematic operator or a divider in verilog [closed]

I want to work with residue number system and make an ALU based on residue number system. So frequently I need to calculate the remainder and using modulo operator is not helping as it is not synthesizable.

closed as unclear what you're asking by Eugene Sh., pipe, RoyC, Edgar Brown, FinbarrJan 25 at 10:09

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• What is the range of numbers you want to divide by 5? – Eugene Sh. Jan 21 at 17:28
• You can implement a divider (and thus modulo operation) by writing a divider state-machine. If this goes in an FPGA: some vendors offer a divider block as IP. Others, I have been told, DO allow the divider operator in their latest SW revision. (p.s. You did not actually ask a question and "I" should be a capital) – Oldfart Jan 21 at 17:30

5 is a bit of an unhelpful number when it comes to binary arithmetic. Fortunately however, it is a nice factor of 15.

15 is known as a Marsenne number - that is a number which is one less than a power of two (15 = 24-1). A nice property of Marsenne numbers is that you can perform modulo in binary without using any division.

The following code should work for numbers up to 32bit:

module modulo5(
input  [31:0] numIn,
output [ 2:0] result
);
wire [16:0] partOne   =   numIn[31:16] +         numIn[15:0];
wire [ 9:0] partTwo   = partOne[16: 8] + {1'b0,partOne[ 7:0]};
wire [ 5:0] partThree = partTwo[ 9: 4] + {1'b0,partTwo[ 3:0]};

//Final step is to convert into modulo 5.
//Because the result is limited in size, we can find this by a simple lookup table.
//This should optimise into a single 6-bit LUT for each of the three output bits.

reg [2:0] partFour [63:0];
integer i;
initial begin
for (i = 0; i < 63; i = i + 1) begin
partFour[i] = i % 5;
end
end

//And the result
assign result = partFour[partThree];
endmodyle


The final section is a simple lookup table. As the input was reduced to only 6-bit, that stage can be realised with three 6-bit LUTs so is actually incredibly efficient.

If your input was only up to 10-bit, you could skip parts one and two. For inputs up to 17-bit you can skip part one.

Make a state machine that repeatedly subtracts 5 from the value in question, stopping when the result is less than 5. Without more information from you that's the most generic suggestion I can make.