I'm using a microSD card in an embedded system which use a microcontroller interfacing with the microSD card using SPI. I do raw data write, without a file system. Every time that I want to store data, I write an entire block of 512 bytes. I write for example, one 512 byte packet to the sector each 10 minutes. I would like to know how many times I can write the same sector.
I won't use always the same sector to store data, I'll use around 300 sectors to store the data, writing one entire sector per data packet write, being the sector number incremented sequentially. Let supose I have a sector range from 0 to 299 to store the data, when I write for the first time the sector 0 will be written, then sector 1, 2, 3 and so on until it reaches the write to the sector 299, then the next write will be at sector 0 and the cycle (sector 0~299) starts again. I'll do this way because the only data that matters for me will be on the last sector written, and I'll use a incremental 32 bit (4 byte) number to identify what was the last sector written (which will be stored together in the sector). I'm going to use this technique but anyway I need to know what is the minimum endurance of a sector, that is, I need to know how many times I can write the same sector entirely (at the minimum). I'm understanding that the minimum number of sector writes that I can do with security will be 300 x 'the sector endurance'.
I know there are consumer and industrial cards. Consumer cards use TLC cells, and industrial uses MLC and SLC cells. I plan to use a commercial one due to the cost per product. According the Kingston document below, the number I'm searching is 500, but for me it sounds too small, because on many forums people say that the endurance is 10.000 write cycles at minimum. Somebody know what should be the correct minimum number of times that I can write the same sector number entirely?
---> According to this file from Kingston, on page 3:
For Multi-Level Cell (MLC) Flash, up to 3000 write cycles per physical sector based on current lithography process (19nm and 20nm) at the time of this writing. For Single-Level Cell (SLC) Flash, up to 30,000 write cycles per physical sector. For Triple-level Cell (TLC), up to 500 write cycles per physical sector. Lithography of the Flash. Memory Die plays a key role in cell endurance and decreases as the size of the die gets smaller
---> People saying 10.000, 100.000 write cycles
I'm using Hex Workshop software to check the content of each sector of the card, in the picture below I stored 1,2,3,4 + 508 bytes with value 0 to the sector 1 (and I'm able to write the same sector again with new values without using any erase operation in my code), BUT I don't know if that's the physical or logical sector that's being shown on the software...
I would like to know how can I store data to the SD card without a file system (writing the way I'm doing with the MCU), in a manner that I can write many many times on the card, for example, around a million times or more. Or the best way to achieve this is by using a file system (supposing I use only one file and always overwriting it)?