I have to replace Renasas M30853 MCU with STM32F407 MCU in a circuit. The earlier MCU uses power supply Vdd = +5V as well as all the analog and digital circuit that is connected with it. How can I use STM32F407 MCU or any of its variant to use +5V power supply?
There are no STM32 parts that run on 5V, but they would work in 5V circuits. With some precautions.
The maximum supply voltage is 3.6V, there is no way around that.
All I/O pins except
PA5 (DAC outputs) are 5V tolerant in digital input or open-drain output mode.
You can connect incoming 5V digital signals directly to the I/O pins.
Digital output high level voltage is at least VDD-1.3V, that is > 2.0V at VDD=3.3V, good enough for TTL inputs.
Use an external pull-up resistor to 5V if you need output voltage above 2V, or on bidirectional signals like I2C.
Important rule: if voltages above VDD can appear on an I/O pin, then the only safe modes for that pin are digital input or open-drain output, and the internal pullup resistor should not be used.
You are unfortunately on your own here, output levels must be externally amplified if necessary, input levels must be divided or clamped.