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Technical Specifications:

Input Voltage: 24 V alternating (max)
Input Current: 3 A (max)
Output Voltage: 0 - 30 V, could be regulated continuously 
Output Limit Current: 2 mA - 3 A, could be regulated continuously
Output Voltage Ripple: 0.01% (max)

The output of the transformer is single 24 V or dual 12 V (same as 24 V), and the power could be determined according to your need. If a full load output (30 V, 3A) is needed, the power of the transformer should be greater than 90 W.

The circuit must be connected to 24 V alternating current power, and direct current is forbidden. Why is this so?

Schematic

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    \$\begingroup\$ There's a charge pump for generating a negative voltage, for example as a supply for U2. This charge pump relies on AC as an input voltage. \$\endgroup\$ – sh- Feb 14 at 17:51
  • \$\begingroup\$ Related, almost identical: Design questions regarding LM2735 (boost-converter) for DC-DC \$\endgroup\$ – Dave Tweed Feb 14 at 18:18
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    \$\begingroup\$ I must say, I find "24VAC in, up to 30VDC out" to be pretty optimistic. The rectified AC is about 34V peak, minus 2V for the diode drops, that leaves less than 2V for the darlington pass element and main filter cap ripple... \$\endgroup\$ – marcelm Feb 14 at 21:03
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C2, D5, D6 form a charge pump to produce the negative voltage required to allow the opamps to get down to the negative rail, it is a fairly popular trick when you want a supply that can vary right the way down to 0V (Which is otherwise a surprisingly hard thing to pull off).

Charge pumps require the input to be AC (or at least pulsating DC).

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  • \$\begingroup\$ Thanks! That cleared the air. So on to the task of finding a AC tranformer! \$\endgroup\$ – Fabio Cesperes Feb 14 at 18:19
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    \$\begingroup\$ … at least, a much easier task than finding a DC transformer! \$\endgroup\$ – Marcus Müller Feb 14 at 18:55
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    \$\begingroup\$ It sounds like you could also use a DC source, a 60Hz oscillator and something to switch the DC source. This could end up being lighter or more efficient. \$\endgroup\$ – Andrew Macrae Feb 14 at 20:26
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    \$\begingroup\$ You can get inverting 'flying capacitor' chips that make a modest negative supply from a positive DC one (TL7660 and such), or even a 555 and charge pump. However if you are building a linear supply then efficiency is not your number one concern anyway, and a line frequency transformer will usually be electrically quieter then a flying cap converter. \$\endgroup\$ – Dan Mills Feb 14 at 21:48
  • \$\begingroup\$ My idea was to power the whole thing using an old AT PSU. But since it needs AC (I understand the joke about an AC transformer hehe) I´m stuck buying a transformer here. (In my country about 50 to 70 USD with the requiring specificactions). I also tought of using a 79XX to trick the negative signal to U2 (disabling the C2 cap) but first need to calculate how much voltage drop would give the charge pump (any help?) Still the PSU only delivers 12V I should use a buck converter to be able to reach >30V \$\endgroup\$ – Fabio Cesperes Feb 19 at 20:43

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