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This question already has an answer here:

I need a rechargeable battery pack for my project, I need to know what is the minimum charging current for NCR18650 li-ion battery?

In the datasheet, it says max charge current is 2A. what is the minimum charge current?

I use tp4056 module for charging, I can change the charging current

is 300mA to 600mA ok for charge current? will it damage the battery or affect badly for a battery lifetime?

Delaying in charging time is not a problem for my application .

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marked as duplicate by winny, Nick Alexeev Apr 23 at 3:00

This question has been asked before and already has an answer. If those answers do not fully address your question, please ask a new question.

  • \$\begingroup\$ @ElliotAlderson, the first OP question if it is ok to reduce the charge current to 500 mA because his charger overheats at 1A. This second question is more philosophical, what is the theoretical minimum charge current. \$\endgroup\$ – Ale..chenski Mar 30 at 19:15
  • \$\begingroup\$ Voting to close as this is still the same issue being asked about. The lesson is to ask a good question the first time, not keep creating new ones. \$\endgroup\$ – Chris Stratton Mar 31 at 19:29
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Li-ion batteries don't like to be exposed to charging conditions for overly long time, otherwise metal lithium build-up occurs and/or electrolyte starts to decompose. Reputable chargers (like TI BQ25896 for example) have a built-in safety timer set for 12 hours. The Panasonic NCR18650 battery specifications mention the charging conditions as "CC-CV, Std. 1925mA, 4.20V, 3.0 hrs", so a 3 hour limit seems to be preferable.

There are not much literature on minimum charging current for Li-IOn batteries. One thing is clear that the minimum should be no less than the charge cut-off current (which is listed as 55 mA for NCR18650). On the other end, it seems like exposure to charging current longer than 12 hours is not good either. So you should set your minimum such that it finishes the charging cycle in that time frame.

In general, the electro-chemistry and solid state chemistry have many variables, and life time (level of capacity degradation) of a rechargeable battery is kind of smooth curve, where the end limits are set by marketing and business goals, or by special requirements. If you are planning to launch your product for a 20-year space mission, you probably should conduct your own research. If you are concerned with 500 mA charge to reduce your junk TP4056 charger overheating, you should be fine.

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