I'm trying to understand the circuitry of TV signal splitters and associated boosters/amplifiers, and I have two questions. My situation is as follows. I have a TV aerial (antenna) in my loft. It connects to a non-powered box, which I assume must be a passive splitter. From there cables run to sockets in a total of 6 rooms. However, only in two or three of those rooms does a TV connected to the socket show any signal; and even in those rooms, there is no signal unless a booster, located in the room nearest to the aerial, is connected and powered up. That all sounds sensible, but then I stop being able to understand.
Here's the odd thing, and the first question. To make any TV on the system work, the booster has to be connected to the aerial socket, but nothing needs to be connected to the booster output; so long as the booster is connected and switched on, the TV in a neighbouring room will work. It's as though it is somehow sending the amplified signal back up its input cable. But I've looked at circuit diagrams for boosters, and that doesn't look possible. Can anyone explain what is going on?
I am trying to find out what is wrong in the rooms where no signal is ever reported. I read somewhere that if I look across the terminals of the TV socket with an ohmmeter, I should see effectively zero resistance, since there is continuity through the aerial. However, this is not true for any of my sockets. With all devices disconnected, if I look at the resistance at the socket the booster normally connects to, I see about 4k. If I look across any of the other sockets (including those where a signal is successfully received), I see no continuity at all. So I suppose that the passive splitter must have a capacitor or transformer somewhere in its circuitry, but I can't find a circuit diagram anywhere that would show whether this is true. Can anyone say whether this is the case, i.e. whether I should be able to see continuity when looking into a socket?
- Until recently we have never tried to use TVs in the rooms where we now find they don't work, so this is probably not a new problem.
- In particular, the non-functioning sockets have not been used since the analogue era.
- The wiring is probably at least 30 years old, and certainly pre-digital.
- I'm in the UK, and the TV signal is digital terrestrial.
- Fitting an outdoor aerial to get a better original signal is not an option in our neighbourhood.
- The passive splitter and aerial connections are all screw-downs, and they are not conveniently located, so swapping cables around for test purposes is slow and painful.