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Measuring ripple of 28V/12V power supply module across +/- output pins. Does the probe tip have to be placed at +pin and probe gnd to -pin, or it can be reversed?

Having inverted readings when polarity is inverted is fine, but is there a possibility to damage the module or the scope?

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    \$\begingroup\$ Short answer, yes, because the scope probe ground is connected to earth ground of the scope. It is very possible to cause damage to circuit or to your scope if you ground the scope incorrectly. \$\endgroup\$ – mkeith Apr 10 at 16:37
  • \$\begingroup\$ Place the scope on "AC coupled". \$\endgroup\$ – analogsystemsrf Apr 10 at 16:38
  • \$\begingroup\$ @mkeith You should expand that to a full answer. It's exactly what the asker is asking for. \$\endgroup\$ – Hearth Apr 10 at 16:41
  • \$\begingroup\$ @mkeith Any useful explanation/readings on exactly why/how it happens? What if I use scope without earth ground cable? \$\endgroup\$ – DenR Apr 10 at 16:47
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    \$\begingroup\$ Is the power supply isolated? \$\endgroup\$ – laptop2d Apr 10 at 17:40
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When measuring ripple voltage, generally polarity does not affect the result, since ripple has the same amplitude regardless of polarity. So logically, it doesn't matter, but that is not the whole story.

From a practical standpoint, it is possible for Bad Things to happen when you do not carefully think through where you attach the oscilloscope ground. The underlying reason for all of the bad things that can happen is that the oscilloscope probe ground is also connected to earth ground by way of the oscilloscope power outlet. This also means that all the channels on the oscilloscope have their grounds connected to each other inside the oscilloscope.

If any part of the circuit you are testing is connected to earth ground, then that is where you must connect your oscilloscope probe ground. Don't connect it anywhere else. In theory, you could have an AC to DC converter whose negative output terminal is earth grounded inside the supply. If so, it would be a complete disaster to connect oscilloscope ground to the positive terminal of the power supply. You would be shorting the power supply through your oscilloscope ground wire.

Sometimes the connection can be much more sneaky. For example, maybe you are using a battery powered device. So in theory you can connect oscilloscope ground anywhere, right? But what if the device also has a USB cable connected to a desktop computer? Maybe the USB shield is earth grounded. So once again, you have created a short circuit through the oscilloscope ground probe. Same applies to audio jacks, programming headers, etc. They MIGHT be connected to earth ground via your computer, even if the device you are testing is battery powered.

So, in general, connect the oscilloscope ground probe to ground. Any time you deviate from this practice, you need to very carefully think it through. Is there any possible way something else could be grounded? If so, don't do it.

Please note that isolated differential probes are available which can allow you to connect either input (negative or positive) to any point in the device under test. Of course, there are limits to how much isolation these can provide. But they can be very useful if you are dealing with H-bridges or class D audio, etc. There are also high-speed differential probes with high bandwidth for looking at high speed digital signals which are differential. These are usually not designed to provide a lot of isolation. Don't use them anywhere near a high power circuit if you can help it. They are for USB and DDR and such.

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  • \$\begingroup\$ Thanks @mkeith. I will mark this as an answer. I wanted to ask if you don't mind, what if I do not connect scope to earth ground, but use only two-prongs cable? \$\endgroup\$ – DenR Apr 11 at 12:11
  • \$\begingroup\$ I have never tried that, but I have read about it. I think it may be necessary for some types of measurements to "float" the oscilloscope. See if you can dig anything up online searching for "ungrounded oscilloscope" or "floating oscilloscope ground." \$\endgroup\$ – mkeith Apr 12 at 2:00
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If your supply is floating, the inputs are reversible using the above methods. However reversing the leads may conduct some ACDC supply filter noise current (0.5mA) if output is earth grounded.

Test Engineering Methods for measuring DC supply ripple.

schematic

simulate this circuit – Schematic created using CircuitLab

For quick and easy setup, use a BNC "T" connector on DSO with a small R 1/4W termination inserted in one port only with a 1:1 probe or coax BNC connector in the other port.

Using a short probe and ground leads reduces the effects of false ripple measurements from load induced CM radiated noise and stray coupling.

This occurs due to inductive noise pickup of 10:1 probe ground and ~>=20MHz resonant frequency of probe ground wire inductance and coax capacitance.

If you do not have an expensive FET buffered TEK Diff. probes, this is the next best option with scope preset to AC coupled.

enter image description here

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