page.3, equation (1) http://webee.technion.ac.il/~ran/papers/ERotemHeteroEARtH.pdf

Ef = ( tc + tm ) x ( Pc + Pl )

what if tc and tm are overlapped?

I mean if run time only happens 1 second, tc and tm happened in the same 1 second.

can we still calculate the energy in this way?

Edit update:

My understanding about energy calculation should be:

Energy_Total = Power_of_memory x Memory_Runtime + Power_of_CPU x CPU_Runtime

I think the result will be different if we sum them up (I think this is wrong), ex:

Energy_Total = ( Power_of_memory + Power_of_CPU ) x ( CPU_Runtime + Memory_Runtime )


In this paper, it identifies at run time which core to use and at what frequency, in order to achieve the global minimum platform energy.

  • 6
    \$\begingroup\$ Welcome to EE.SE, Mark. Can you edit your question to include enough information that we don't need to follow the link to understand what is being asked? Also, you are missing some capitalisation in the title and question which should be tidied up. See Write to the best of your ability in the site guidelines. \$\endgroup\$
    – Transistor
    Apr 24, 2019 at 9:49
  • \$\begingroup\$ Yes, please edit the question to provide the context! And I don't see power and time being added together as the title suggests. \$\endgroup\$
    – JimmyB
    Apr 24, 2019 at 9:57
  • 1
    \$\begingroup\$ Also note that the question is not about a general EE formula but about some specific model for computer power estimation described in the paper. So don't expect people to immediately know what you mean. \$\endgroup\$
    – JimmyB
    Apr 24, 2019 at 9:59
  • 2
    \$\begingroup\$ "what if tc and tm are overlapped?" - From a quick glance at the diagram on page 2, t[c] and t[m] don't overlap by definition. The CPU is either active busy (t[c]) or active waiting for memory (t[m]), it can't be both busy and waiting for memory at the same time. \$\endgroup\$
    – JimmyB
    Apr 24, 2019 at 10:02
  • \$\begingroup\$ I think the equation Ef = (tc + tm) x ( Pc + Pl) is simply an energy and power equation, ex: Energy = Power x Time, but I don't know why they can sum up? \$\endgroup\$
    – Mark
    Apr 25, 2019 at 2:09

1 Answer 1


From figure 2 in that link.

Tc (Tcpu) and Tm (Tmem) are not overlapped.

When CPU job is done, the data transfer to off-chip memory.

These two run time are not overlapped.

  • \$\begingroup\$ In Equation (1), Ef=(tc + tm) x (Pc + Pl), this is reasonable, but why tc=tc0/fc ? \$\endgroup\$
    – Mark
    Apr 25, 2019 at 8:36
  • \$\begingroup\$ fc = factual / f0; tc = tc0 x f0 / factual ; tc = constant_hit / factual ; tc = tc \$\endgroup\$
    – Mark
    Apr 25, 2019 at 8:52

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.