I've been trying to get the SPI1 on the STM32F103C8 (Blue Pill board) working correctly for some time now. As I'm just starting to learn ARM, I am simply trying to shift data to a 74HC595 shift register and latch it to light up a byte of LEDs. I am not reading back any data, so I only have MOSI, SCK and SS lines.
At first I wasn't getting anything out, but reading some online examples I could fix these first problems to get the communication going (I needed to correctly set GPIOA pins and set software SS).
The main problem right now is that if I don't include pull-up resistors on all lines (MOSI, SCK, and SS) the microcontroller doesn't output anything on any line (checked with a scope). On top of this, after adding pull-up resistors the rise time on the pulses is very slow so I can't use too high a frequency (with 10 kΩ pull-up resistors I'm limited to about 250 kHz SCK, and switching to 330 Ω about 4 MHz). I am working on a breadboard, but even then with AVR and messier wiring I could get a 4 MHz SPI working no problem without any added resistors and the waveforms were cleaner.
Here are two pictures (sorry for the abysmal state of my scope screen) transmitting the byte 0b01110010 at a 250 kHz clock. The top trace is SCK and the bottom is MOSI. The first picture is with 10 kΩ pull-up resistors and the second with 330 Ω pull-up resistors that make the waveforms much nicer (but they shouldn't be needed).
I'd appreciate some help to figure out what's going on.
The relevant parts of my code are:
#define SS_LOW GPIOA->BSRR |= 1 << 4 + 16; #define SS_HIGH GPIOA->BSRR |= 1 << 4; // SPI GPIO configuration RCC->APB2ENR |= RCC_APB2ENR_IOPAEN; GPIOA->CRL |= 0b0011 << 4 * 4; // Set pin A4 as PP out 50mHz for SS GPIOA->CRL |= 0b1011 << 5 * 4; // Set pin A5 AltFunc PP out 50mHz for SCK GPIOA->CRL |= 0b1011 << 7 * 4; // Set pin A7 AltFunc PP out 50mHz for MOSI SS_HIGH; // SPI1 configuration RCC->APB2ENR |= RCC_APB2ENR_SPI1EN; // Enable SPI1 clock SPI1->CR1 |= SPI_CR1_SSM; // Software SS SPI1->CR1 |= SPI_CR1_SSI; SPI1->CR1 |= SPI_CR1_BR_0; // Set prescaler SPI1->CR1 |= SPI_CR1_BR_1; SPI1->CR1 |= SPI_CR1_BR_2; SPI1->CR1 |= SPI_CR1_MSTR; // Master mode SPI1->CR1 |= SPI_CR1_SPE; // Enable SPI // Transmit byte SS_LOW; SPI1->DR = 0b01110010; while(!(SPI1->SR & SPI_SR_TXE)); while(SPI1->SR & SPI_SR_BSY); SS_HIGH;