# Deriving The transfer Function of a high Pass active second Order filter I have recently been trying to solve this transfer function an my professor keeps saying I have been doing wrong and I finally need help. I know my Gain is $$\1+ \frac{R_A}{R_B}\$$. but I keep getting extra stuff in my numerator. also I need to design it to 1 kHz cut off frequency. I test the transfer function out by using Matlab and seeing where the highest dB it can reach.

• This is a Sallen-Key high pass filter.
– Chu
Aug 3, 2019 at 23:30
• The highest gain an opamp can reach is not determined by the filter. Aug 4, 2019 at 5:20
• Kahled, can you help us help you? There are a lot of things being asked for in your problem statement. All the way to doing a PCB design, in fact. What do you know about transfer functions, generally? (By the way, the standard form us $\frac{K\,\omega_{_0}^2}{s^2+2\,\zeta\,\omega_{_0}\,s+\omega_{_0}^2}$ where $K$ is the gain and not as the form shown in the problem.) What transfer function did you arrive at, and how? Do you understand the idea of a damping factor, $\zeta$, or the idea of $Q$? Have you read Sallen & Key's paper(s)?
– jonk
Aug 4, 2019 at 17:05

Regarding to derive the transfer function of this second order high pass active filter consider, for example, to apply the KCL to nodes A and B on the figure below (assuming an ideal op. amp.): $$\left\{\begin{matrix} \frac{V_A-V_i}{\frac{1}{sC_1}}+ \frac{V_A-V_O}{R_2}+\frac{V_A-V_B}{\frac{1}{sC_2}}=0 & (1)\\ \frac{V_B-V_A}{\frac{1}{sC_2}}+ \frac{V_B}{R_1}+0= 0 & (2) \end{matrix}\right.$$

Replacing:

$$V_B=\frac{V_oR_B}{R_A+R_B}$$

in (1) and (2):

$$\left\{\begin{matrix} (V_A-V_i)sC_1+ \frac{V_A-V_O}{R_2}+(V_A-\frac{V_oR_B}{R_A+R_B})sC_2=0 & (3)\\ (\frac{V_oR_B}{R_A+R_B}-V_A)sC_2+\frac{V_oR_B}{(R_A+R_B)R_1}=0 & (4) \end{matrix}\right.$$

From (4): $$V_A=\frac{V_oR_B}{R_A+R_B}\left ( 1+\frac{1}{sR_1C_2} \right )$$

Returning with this expression on (3) and, after a long algebraic manipulation, it's possible to obtain $$\\frac{V_o}{V_i}\$$ as:

$$\frac{V_o(s)}{V_i(s)}=\frac{\left( 1+\frac{R_A}{R_B}\right)R_1R_2C_1C_2s^2}{R_1R_2C_1C_2s^2+\left[ R_2C_1+R_2C_2 - \frac{R_A}{R_B}R_1C_2 \right]s+1}$$

The cut-off frequency (in Hz) is given by:

$$f_c=\frac{1}{2\pi\sqrt{R_1R_2C_1C_2}}$$