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I'm using two vibration motors for my robot and to have it move forward, I have to solder the leads of the motor in the way shown in the picture. Previously when I soldered the leads of both motors the same way, the robot kept turning round and round. Switching the leads of a motor helped solved that, but not completely.

I've noticed that the robot while moving straighter, tends to turn in favor of one direction over the other. This issue is even more apparent when the robot is supposed to turn in a direction responding to a light stimulus. I've noticed that the robot turns much quicker in one direction than the other.

I don't think it's an isolated case, I've assembled a few copies of the robots and all of them exhibit the same bias in turning toward a particular direction over the other. And the that bias is also in the same direction.

So I'm wondering for a vibration motor, do they vibrate the same if a voltage is applied to the leads and then that voltage polarity is reversed?

EDIT: Link to datasheet added

enter image description here

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    \$\begingroup\$ Assuming those are DC ERM vibrators, they'll spin in the opposite direction with the polarity reversed. Are you using these to drive the robot, or is there another apparatus for moving it? \$\endgroup\$ Aug 7, 2019 at 17:14
  • \$\begingroup\$ Can you add a link to the motor datasheet into your question? \$\endgroup\$
    – Transistor
    Aug 7, 2019 at 17:14
  • \$\begingroup\$ @Transistor See edit \$\endgroup\$
    – Lim LS
    Aug 7, 2019 at 17:22
  • \$\begingroup\$ @CristobolPolychronopolis Yes they do spin in the opposite direction as reversing the leads solved the problem of the robot just turning around in circles. What I'm wondering is if the spin is of the same magnitude, cause the robot seems biased to move in one direction after a while. Don't think it's a mechanical problem because the motors are placed at the same position on each side. The robot movement is enabled by bristle shaped legs underneath \$\endgroup\$
    – Lim LS
    Aug 7, 2019 at 17:26
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    \$\begingroup\$ Only the manufacturer or testing could answer this; brushed DC motors often do not perform the same in both directions, nor will two samples be identical. But even if the vibration were identical motion achieved via a complex stick-slip interaction won't be equal. For that matter, even two DC gear motors driving opposite wheels will not typically go straight. You are going to need to plan a mechanism to compensate. \$\endgroup\$ Aug 7, 2019 at 18:44

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DC motors can turn faster in one direction than the other. Basically, if the commutation is adjusted so that the brushes switch a bit sooner than the mechanically neutral position, the motor favors that direction. ("Timing" DC motors used to be a hop-up trick for slot car racers, back when slot-car racing was a big thing).

Whether your motors do turn faster in one direction is based on the motor design and construction. I could see a manufacturer doing that on purpose, if they had good enough process control (or I could see it happening by mistake, and persisting).

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