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I am doing my internship and the company is making a ferromagnetic generator which indeed uses magnetic transition to create a flux and finally EMF. I am assigned to design a circuit which takes the EMF created and store it in a capacitor.

I have done much research but I am not sure how to tackle the generated EMF. It is basically a high voltage pulse but I am not sure if I need to use a diode first to eliminate AC or if I should use a current limiter of any sort.

I can understand if there will be any critique that this is a very wide question but I only want to have some recommended reference or article to just gather my thoughts.

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  • \$\begingroup\$ Why doing this? It makes no sense at all! \$\endgroup\$ – Marko Buršič Aug 21 at 9:34
  • \$\begingroup\$ @MarkoBuršič well they managed to obtain about 10k Volts so they want to be able to store it to use it after. \$\endgroup\$ – Ekin Alparslan Aug 21 at 9:36
  • \$\begingroup\$ Well, using a step up transformer and diode is much simpler. The goal of such generator is to produce large peak of very short pulse duration, which is totally useless to charge the capacitor. \$\endgroup\$ – Marko Buršič Aug 21 at 9:39
  • \$\begingroup\$ I have never thought about it actually... It is probably just because they want me get out of their way, doing something. By the way, do you have any source recommendations or anything in general? \$\endgroup\$ – Ekin Alparslan Aug 21 at 9:45
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According to Wikipedia, one of the uses of a ferromagnetic generator is indeed charging a capacitor bank:

EDFMGs are especially well suited as seed power sources for explosively pumped flux compression generators and can be used for charging capacitor banks.

I don't think you are expected to come up with a practical, finished circuit. Given the voltage and current involved, it would surprise me if they let you play with it directly or even connect a circuit you designed or built to it.

Look at this task as a learning assignment for doing design work.

Your first step isn't to draw a circuit.

You start by getting the parameters of the generator output.

  1. Peak voltage
  2. Peak available current
  3. Time duration of the pulse
  4. Ideally, something like an oscilloscope trace showing the pulse
  5. Total available energy in the pulse.
  6. Other things that may be useful, but which I know nothing about because all I know about such generators is what I found on Wikipedia.
  7. Intended use for the energy stored in the capacitor bank - this will help with deciding how to store the charge. If it will later be used at low voltage, you could step the pulse voltage down and user cheaper or smaller capacitors rated for a lower voltage.

In any case, get information on the pulse of energy you will get and what it will be used for.

Now, you can start looking for ways to capture that pulse.

Since it will be anything but DC, you will probably need a rectifier to clean it up. Can you get diodes rated for the required voltage? How about the current? What do you do if there are no parts with the required ratings?

I expect this to be the real thrust of the assignment: planning rather achieving a finished device.

I'm sure they'd be extremely pleased if you came up with a workable design.

I'm equally sure that what they want is for you to "think like an engineer" by collecting and organizing the information you would need to actually accomplish the task.

Keep good notes on the information you collect, and what you learn about the task. Even if you can't build or design a completed circuit, you can write a report describing the things you think will go into that design.


Ask questions about what is going on. Learn how things work, and pay attention to the problems they are having. The problems (and how they are solved) usually point to the interesting parts of a task.

Once you've got information together and know what needs to be done, you can sketch out a block diagram and start searching for solutions for each block.

You may be able to build small models of the partial solutions. Lower voltage, lower current, slower speed in order to illustrate and test your ideas. When you do that, keep notes on how you solved problems, and things you would have to do to design your circuits for the real use.

Good luck.

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  • \$\begingroup\$ That was more than enough for me to change my strategy and start with a completely new route and thank you so much for your effort to explain this procedure. For your information, they specifically said that they didn't start planning for the storage part since there are lots more things to do before that and want me to come up with ideas and maybe suggest some circuit designs for them to ease some of the researching. I thought I did enough research but it seems like there are a lot more for me to look at. Again I am so glad for your response. \$\endgroup\$ – Ekin Alparslan Aug 21 at 13:07
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Note: This is not how to use pulse generator to charge the capacitor, rather a circuit to charge it from mains.

L1 is the choke that limits the current, then it goes troug step up transformer and diode rectifier.

schematic

simulate this circuit – Schematic created using CircuitLab

With voltage doubler, two caps

schematic

simulate this circuit

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  • \$\begingroup\$ Thank you, I really appreciate it. \$\endgroup\$ – Ekin Alparslan Aug 21 at 9:56

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