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I'm using a Si53342-B-GM

Original datasheet download at silabs for the si5334x-series

as a clock buffer.

In some cases I only need to distribute a single clock signal and in some of my cases I only have a single ended input signal.

While the data sheet describes every detail in dealing with single ended input signals it doesn't regarding unused inputs.

I'm pretty sure, ist is not good to leave one input floating even when CLK_SEL is connected to GND permanentely. But I don't have any proof for it.

I have thought about:

  1. Power being wasted when the differential input amplifier is switching often due to erratic input values (CLK1 and /CLK1 might gain very close voltage levels and produce switching when superimposed with HF signals)
  2. As for the same reason as in 1. cross talk may occur and increase jitter on the output.
  3. The input amplifier might even oscillate and produce EMI on the PCB

Did I miss any possibility or can something be ruled out?

My other question is, what's best practice here?

  1. Tie /CLK1 to VDD/2 by connecting it to the same voltage divider as /CLK0 (considering the case of single ended CMOS input) and CLK1 to GND.
  2. Tie both CLK1 and /CLK1 to GND.
  3. Tie CLK1 to GND and /CLK1 to VDD.
  4. Something different...

Note: I'm using the differential input version of this device when dealing with single ended signals as well as with differential signals at the input to reduce the number of different parts in the BOM.

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  • \$\begingroup\$ @ThePhoton Darn. Will fix that. \$\endgroup\$ – Ariser Aug 27 at 17:43
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This seems to be covered in section 2.3 of the datsheet:

enter image description here

  • No external termination is required for unused inputs.

  • If you want to use external termination to improve noise immunity, pull the true input down and the complementary input up.

Tie /CLK1 to VDD/2 by connecting it to the same voltage divider as /CLK0 (considering the case of single ended CMOS input) and CLK1 to GND.

I wouldn't recommend sharing voltage dividers between inputs, even if you are using both inputs single-ended. That's likely to allow some coupling between inputs and increase output jitter.

Tie both CLK1 and /CLK1 to GND.

I wouldn't do this in any case because these are differential inputs. If you need to tie off unused differential inputs, tie one side high and the other side low.

Tie CLK1 to GND and /CLK1 to VDD.

This is reasonable, but use a resistive connection rather than shorting the inputs to GND or VDD, because LVDS inputs aren't designed to be pulled far outside their normal bias voltages. 5-10k is probably a reasonable value.

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  • \$\begingroup\$ I simply missed that section. I had only searched for application notes and external wiring examples within the document (Ctrl-F [open|float|unused]). Now I understand, why the proposed voltage divider in Fig. 2.2 is built with 1k resistors. I initially wondered why they suggested using such low values. Of course it must be small compared to Rpu. \$\endgroup\$ – Ariser Aug 27 at 19:07
  • \$\begingroup\$ @Ariser, yeah, "Input bias resistors" isn't the most obvious name for the section on what to do with unused inputs. \$\endgroup\$ – The Photon Aug 27 at 19:55
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It is never OK to leave inputs to a chip open unless the data sheet for the part specifically says that it is OK. Generally the reason that a chip data sheet may say it is permissible to leave an input open is that there chip designer has allowed for there to be an onchip weak pullup or pulldown on the pin. However even with this convenience from the chip designer it still can be advisable to add an external resistor to bias the input at its inactive level.

For digital inputs you do not want to bias an unused input at some intermediate voltage level. They should be biased to a voltage level that corresponds to the inactive state.

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