I would like to be be able to calculate the delay for communications data within TCP/IP networking through cat5e networking cable.
That is a pretty vague request so I will do my best to clarify (it is very likely I am missing a piece of fundamental electrical know-how here so sorry if that question is moot by its very definition!)
Lets imagine a very basic scenario of two computers with 100Mbps Ethernet NICs connected directly together sending data from one to the other, over a 10 meter piece of cat5e cable. Also lets image the same scenario with a 100 meter cable.
Transferring data at a rate of 100Mbps means we are encoding 100,000,000 bits of data on to the wire every second (ignore fancy encoding techniques that reduce this). That is one bit every 10 nanoseconds.
In the first scenario with a 10m cable length, after 10ns of initiating the transfer, one data bit has been encoded onto the wire as an electrical signal. How much more time will pass before it has reached the other end of the cable? How much later would it be if it was a 100m cable?
I assume this is some sort of propagation formulae taking into account the resistance of the material or similar, but I have no idea where to being, and I am a complete novice at electronics so please go easy on me :)