I am new to the world of electronics, but keen to learn. The below all relates to the 12 V circuit of my van.
I have picked up a campervan which has a second "leisure" battery which powers items in the rear, such as LED lights etc. These lights run off a caravan-style "power management system" and this system is fed from the leisure battery via a 25 A fuse.
When driving, the van alternator (90 A) charges the starter battery like a normal car. There is a split charge relay (CB1FM-12v) which closes the relay when the ignition is on and this allows the current into the +ve terminal on the leisure battery also. This +ve terminal on leisure battery also has a wire off to the PMS system in the rear via a 25 A fuse.
My question is this: if the alternator can produce 90 A then when the relay switch is closed (ignition is on), why doesn't the relay fry as the relay is rated at 40 A?
Also, why doesn't the fuse going to the PMS blow as the fuse is only 25 A?