For measuring strain gauges, the Wheatstone bridge is the historical choice.
In a quarter Wheatstone brigde (\$350 \Omega \$ typically (?)), with a high input impedance amplifier, and some bridge power voltage \$V\$, the ratio between the bridge output voltage w.r.t. any resistor is 1/4, which is the same ratio in a voltage divider between the output voltage w.r.t. any resistor, compared with a stable voltage reference of \$V/2\$.
A voltage divider with a voltage reference would have a voltage noise of about 35.16 nV/rtHz (from a voltage reference of 35 nV/rtHz plus two resistors), and the Wheatstone bridge a voltage noise of 4.86 nV/rtHz (from four resistors), which should be enough (?) for most ADC systems (i.e. for 24 bit, 0-5V range: 300nV resolution).
And a voltage reference (\$0.02\%\$ initial error, \$2 \ ppm/C^\circ\$, AD, ADR4525), would be more stable and precise (?) about \$4\ ppm/C^\circ\$, than a precision resistor (\$0.005\%\$ error, \$2 \ ppm/C^\circ \$, Vishay, MR100), about \$8 \ ppm/C^\circ\$.
Hence, why bother using Wheatstone bridges?