# NMOS - Bulk Voltage going from 0 to -Inf

The question is

Consider an NMOS device where all terminals are at constant voltage except the Bulk terminal. A voltage is applied to the bulk terminal (w.r.t. GND) that varies from from 0V to -Inf. What is the effect on the threshold voltage of the NMOS device?

My understanding is that

• The bulk terminal connects directly to the p-type substrate of the NMOS device.
• By driving the bulk voltage lower and lower, you attract more free holes to the bulk terminal.
• This makes it easier for electrons to accumulate near the gate and form a conduction channel.
• Thus, since it's easier for a channel to form, threshold voltage should decrease.

Is that correct?

This isn't correct. As $$\V_{SB}\$$ increases, the depletion region between the N+ implants and P body increases in width; this increases the threshold voltage as a stronger electric field is necessary to shrink the depletion region so that a channel can form.