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I'm putting on my desktop computer on steel rack as usual. A while ago, when I touch the steel rack for seconds, practically I feel a tingling sensation, sort of electrical shock in my finders. After that I measured how voltage the steel rack has, the multi-tester meter indicated almost 50V by AC mode. Is this safe to touch or keep the PC on the position, or I should get away the PC somewhere electricity-safe? I'm not sure this site is suit for asking this kind of question, but I'm very worrying whether this is safe or not since this experience is my very first time. Thank you.

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  • \$\begingroup\$ So it has 50V AC, but in reference to what, was the multimeter leads between rack metal and earth/ground somewhere? Or between rack and computer? Is the computer plugged to earthed/grounded mains outlet with proper 3-pole power cord? Are there ungrounded/unearthed devices in steel rack? \$\endgroup\$ – Justme Jan 30 at 5:45
  • \$\begingroup\$ are you saying that the rack is connected to an electrical outlet? \$\endgroup\$ – jsotola Jan 30 at 5:46
  • \$\begingroup\$ @Justme The cable for the computer has no grounding cable, so I didn't do grounding for the PC. Maybe since I'm not living in US but Japan, I guess. \$\endgroup\$ – igar Jan 30 at 5:50
  • \$\begingroup\$ @jsotola I can't say so for sure, but The rack is connected with PC, the PC connected with power, the power connected with the outlet so I could say those are connected indirectly. sorry for my poor knowledge. \$\endgroup\$ – igar Jan 30 at 5:53
  • \$\begingroup\$ it could be that the shelf is connected to the ground wire, but the ground wire is not connected to ground \$\endgroup\$ – jsotola Jan 30 at 5:57
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A comment by the OP:

In Japan almost all outlets have no third pole for grounding, only two poles they have.

Because modern SMPS wall warts (or equivalent) don't tend to use the ground wire in the socket because many times it's just not available, they have to reliably reduce emissions on the DC output wires by connecting a capacitor from output to rectified line voltage as per this answer: -

enter image description here

Now, the impact of adding the capacitor in the red box is that it can pass a small (safe) amount of AC current through to the secondary and, if the secondary isn't earthed via the laptop or PC then you will feel a (harmless) tingling sensation if you make contact with it.

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    \$\begingroup\$ That applies to 2-prong power supplies, but not to 3-prong power supplies. 3-prong power supplies such as ones commonly used in desktop computers have a different mechanism. The mains input has Y caps from Live and Neutral to ground for EMI filtering, and the ground is connected to metal chassis. So when such a device is connected to ungrounded outlet, the Y caps form a capacitive voltage divider and makes the chassis live with half mains voltage. This is why 3 prong devices need ground, and the ground connection should never be defeated on purpose. \$\endgroup\$ – Justme Jan 30 at 11:34
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    \$\begingroup\$ @Justme And as Japan uses a 100V mains supply, then "makes the chassis live with half mains voltage" fits with the OP's measurement of 50V . \$\endgroup\$ – TripeHound Jan 30 at 14:09
  • \$\begingroup\$ this is a startling thing to learn... why aren't people getting killed all the time there? is it because neither AC leg is a grounding leg, so ground ref is meaningless, both sides are insulated? \$\endgroup\$ – Grady Player Jan 30 at 16:59
  • \$\begingroup\$ @GradyPlayer, in normal circumstances, the amount of current is not enough to harm. However I’d be concerned about using a desktop power supply that must have an earth and not earthing it in the correct way. The op appears to be not doing what might be required. \$\endgroup\$ – Andy aka Jan 30 at 17:18
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Any device such as a computer that has a mains input with ground pole really should be connected to a mains socket that provides ground. And with a supply cord that connects the grounds. A standard ATX power supply connects mains ground to metal case. If it is not grounded, the EMI filter capacitors from Live to ground and Neutral to ground will act as a capacitive voltage divider and thus PC metal case measures half of mains AC voltage. Not hazardous itself, but connecting other mains powered devices should be made while mains cords are unplugged to prevent discharge currents from destroying devices. The slight shock can also surprise people and their reflexes can cause movements that might hit something.

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The case of the computer should be grounded. If in doubt, the steel rack can be grounded as well. A stray 50V suggests that there is no ground, and you are feeling some small current leaking to the rack, perhaps via a power supply capacitor (see the answer by Andy aka).

Check your wiring - it may be in a dangerous state.

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