I'm totally stuck here trying to find a single source that describes how to determine a PCB antenna trace width. I understand how to determine the length based on the targeted wavelength, but the width is lost on me.
To preface, I'm very new to this and am trying to design a half-wave curved dipole PCB trace antenna. The guide I'm using as a reference is from Texas Instruments. Click design guide at this link.
In this TI DN041 guide it says the following in section 4 Designing a Half Wae Dipole Antenna on a PCB:
The width of the trace does have an impact on the antenna performance, particularly the bandwidth. In this design note we will stick to a width of 300 um (12 mils), and refer the reader to more thorough papers on antenna theory if they wish to probe deeper into this particular property of the dipole.
So I went on a hunt to try to find these "thorough papers on antenna theory" and came up short. I did, however, find a few resources that pointed me to a broken link for an online "microstrip" calculator. I did some digging and found a new link to it here (click "Microstrip Trace").
Now I'm not sure that a PCB trace antenna counts as a microstrip trace because PCB trace antennas are not supposed to have anything on other layers above or below it so that the antenna performs well. Yet a microstrip has a groundplane underneath it as illustrated below:
Then I did some digging and found that this is used to calculate transmission lines and that "PCB antennas are not transmission line."
Someone on this very site tried to use this calculator for that purpose and it was mentioned that their use of the microstrip calculator was incorrect due to the ground plane. So using a microstrip calculator seems to be incorrect (even though some people used it as such). So then how do I calculate it?
So to summarize into a single question, how do I determine the width of a PCB trace antenna?