# Building a UHF RFID Reader, FCC regulations?

I've been working on a project that involves tiny UHF transponders (ex. OMNI-ID Fit 220) that fit into a product with very limited space. We wanted to build our own reader (5 or 6 of them) because it's cheaper, easier to integrate into our system using a reader board and a little Arduino, and we can utilize the reader for our application better. We aren't exactly electrical engineers but more hobbyists as the place we work usually like to build everything in-house so that's why we went this route, we have access to everything possible to build one ourselves. We had very poor read results and reliability with the Sparkfun M6E Nano, so we abandoned that module. So I brought in some evaluation kits (Impinj RS1000 and STI) We were really happy with the Impinj development board but Impinj is telling us we need FCC approval and UL certifications to build our own device. Is this correct? To my knowledge I thought as long as we didn't exceed 1 Watt in TX power and move out of the UHF frequency range here in the FCC we would be fine to use our small batch of devices, we wouldn't even sell them.

The readers we have seen are around $1000+ or USB desktop readers but cheap. If we 3D print our own cases and build them ourselves our costs would be only ~$300-\$400 per device.

Do the FCC regulations stop us from building our own reader device? Do we have to get approval that doesn't go over 27dBm? I can't exactly find anything saying so.

Am I missing something bigger?

Thank you!

• Are you planning to sell these devices to the public or are they for inhouse use only? Mar 9 '20 at 19:25
• @vini_i inhouse only. These will not be public. Mar 11 '20 at 21:45

I recommend going over TI's technote ISM-Band and Short Range Device Regulatory Compliance Overview.