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I'm designing a switch for an automotive application and found this IC BTS428 that supposedly solves all my problems. Following the manual, i came with the following circuit (LATCH PUSHBUTTON).

The pushbutton is connected to ground when pressed

Everything went well at first, the circuit work as intended and the SC/OverTemperature protection features worked fine. The problem happened in the reverse battery protection test. The momment i conected the supply with an inverse polarity (-13.5Vbb) (IN input in LOW STATE) i noticed a voltage output of -12.5V. The circuit overheated and stop working(even with the right polarity). After this test, the output was aways OFF (0V) regardless of IN state.

Can you help me find my mistake?

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On page 8 of the IC's datasheet it is stated that in case of reverse battery, the load current has to be limited by the load.

circuit

This implies that an additional current limiting mechanism must be implemented at the load side, in order to limit the back feeding current, which is confirmed on page 5:

test_1

Most likely (according to your description), since the temperature protection is not active in this (reverse battery) operating mode, the IC could have run into a thermal runaway situation, leading to its self destruction.

If at the moment of your test, there was a non-limited low-ohmic load connected to the output, it could have fried the internal circuitry. As for the current behavior (zero output voltage), you would have to know exaclty got damaged inside the IC.

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