Well, I've been stuck at home and since I've run out of things to do, I've started thinking about creating a simple cheap backup for my modem, router, and desktop fan.
Since I've got several lithium powerbanks that output at 5v 2.1A (max) I was interested to see if I would be able to use these to backup the modem and router. A few videos on youtube show that this can be done as long as the amperage of modem or router is really low. My router is rated 9v at 0.6A. If this is legitimate can I just connect a 5.5mm x 2.1 DC plug to the end of a USB cable to connect the power bank to the router?
I also read that a better way to accomplish this would be to use a 5V to 9V step-up adapter which will supposedly allow me to power slightly higher amperage devices which might be better as a backup for my modem (12V at 1A).
Another option I have to maybe power the modem is using my portable 20000mAh 12V lithium battery jump starter. It has a type C USB (5v/3A) output and a DC 15V/10A outout. It came with a 5.5mm to female cigarette lighter adapter for use with the 15V/10A output.
My first question related to this device is why the unit is listed as 15V and not 12V which is the type of battery it is designed to jump start? Secondly, because of this 15V spec, would it be safe to still use this to power the modem?
If it is safe, can I just make a male 5.5mm to male 5.5mm cable by joining two 5.5mm cable ends and use this to go from the jump starter pack direct to the modem?
Another option would be for me to buy a 200W or 300W inverter (200W is under $20) then could connect the jump starter power bank to the inverter with the cigarette lighter adapter. Then all I would need to do is plug the modem and the router into the inverter. I understand this option is not very efficient as I'd be losing energy converting to AC and then back to DC.... but since the combined power requirements of the modem and router is low, this doesn't appear to be an issue?
Lastly, I would like a backup option that would run my AC 120V 0.5A desk fan for a few hours. It is variable speed so I think it draws far less than the 0.5A at the low setting which is all I would need. By my calculation this means it is using 60W at most. My jump starter outputs 12V at a max of 10A, which means it should be capable of powering a 120W device so even if I lose some energy through an inverter, I should still be able to power the fan with the power bank - does this sound right?
I have also read that a 300W inverter with a cigarette adapter is limited to 150W because of its wiring. So should I just buy a 150W or 200W inverter instead? The problem with some of the 150W adapters is that they most have one AC plug so maybe its best to stick with the 300W and just be careful to keep total watts low?