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I am trying to repair a vacuum fluorescent display module by Futaba model code is M402SD07GS. It is seen that there is no energy on the display and Vcc and GND legs are short-circuited at "C1162" grid/anode driver.

When I look at the circuit to understand where the short circuit is, I am encountered these 3-lead components with very short codes on them.

Since I do not know what these components are, I cannot continue to understand where the short circuit is. I can not order because I do not know the product codes

When I look closely, the following is written on the components.

L G for Q1 
332 for ZD1
D3  for D2
D3  for D3
113 for ZD2 

Is there a way to figure out what this 3-legged component is?

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    \$\begingroup\$ Q is probably for a BJT (M would be for a MOSFET normally), ZD is zener diode and D is a regular diode. \$\endgroup\$
    – Andy aka
    Apr 19 '20 at 15:13
  • \$\begingroup\$ I can't tell you what the exact part numbers are for all of these, but it might help your search to know that that form factor is called a SOT-23 package. \$\endgroup\$
    – Hearth
    Apr 19 '20 at 15:26
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    \$\begingroup\$ Having watched a few of Loius Rossman's YouTube videos, I suggest that you check the capacitors for short circuits first. They will be easier to find replacements for. \$\endgroup\$ Apr 19 '20 at 16:05
  • \$\begingroup\$ @AndrewMorton can you suggest me a video? \$\endgroup\$
    – mehmet
    Apr 19 '20 at 18:26
  • \$\begingroup\$ @mehmet My memory is not good enough to remember which components were faulty in which videos. My idea was that if the faulty component is a capacitor, then you will not need to try to find out what the hard-to-identify components are. \$\endgroup\$ Apr 19 '20 at 19:05
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The package is called "SOT-23" (small outline transistor), and it is used for all kinds of small-signal semiconductor devices, including BJTs, MOSFETs and diodes of all types (single and dual).

Since they are very tiny, only a small amount of information can be printed on them for identification. These tend to be manufacturer-specific strings of letters and digits, and tracing them back to a specific device is somewhat of a black art. There are websites that can help with this.

As Andy says, the reference designator on the board can offer some general clues about where to look.

  • D generally denotes a diode (or pair of diodes)
  • ZD would be a zener diode specifically
  • Q generally denotes a transistor (could be BJT or MOSFET)
  • M would generally be specifically a MOSFET
  • U might be some kind of integrated circut, such as a voltage reference or low-power regulator
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