# Type 3 compensator design for Buck-Boost converter

I'm practicing a design of a type 3 compensator for a voltage mode buck-boost converter, so I went through the book entitled "Switch mode power supplies Spice simulation and practical design"

The topology used for calculations of the different components of the compensator is shown below (Extracted from the book)

The specifications are as follows:

• Vinmin=10v (minimum input voltage).
• Vinmax=15v (maximum input voltage).
• Vout=-12 (Regulated output voltage).
• Fs=100kHz (Switching frequency).
• Fc=5kHz (Crossover frequency, chosen by the author to make the RHPZ after that frequency).
• Iout=2A (maximum output current)

I have followed all the steps given by the author but I failed to find the same values found to the compensator component. The method used to place the poles and zeros of the compensator is the manual method and not the K factor method. So the author proposed the following:

• From the Bode plot, we can see that the required gain at 5 kHz is around -10 dB worst case.

• To cancel the LC filter peaking, place a double zero close to the resonant frequency, 600 Hz

• Since the zero occurs after the crossover frequency, we can place a first pole at 7 kHz

• Place a second pole at one-half of the switching frequency, to force the gain to further roll off, 50 kHz.

• Using the manual placement method described in Chap. 3, evaluate all the compensator elements.

• R2 = 18.6 kohm R3 = 456 ohm C1 = 15 nF C2 = 1.3 nF C3=7 nF

When I apply, the equation encircled in red in the figure, I come out with a different value for R2. I found R2=1.8kohm but the author finds R2=18k ohm and since C1 and C2 values depend on R2, so my compensator is not good and I do not get a sufficient phase margins.

Please can anyone ensures to me the value of R2 and does the equation encircled in red correct ?

• could crop the images to their actual content, please? Jun 7, 2020 at 21:07
• @Marcus Müller I did not understand, do you mean the format of the image ? Jun 7, 2020 at 21:11
• your images are 75% white space. You can cut that off ("cropping"). Jun 7, 2020 at 21:15
• I checked the equation and it should give 16.8k and not 18.6k as mistakenly printed. These are the computed values by the macros so that you can spot where it goes wrong on your side: FC = 5.00e+003 GFC = -9.60e+000 G = 3.02e+000 PI = 3.14e+000 FZ1 = 6.00e+002 FZ2 = 6.00e+002 FP1 = 7.00e+003 FP2 = 5.00e+004 C3 = 6.98e-009 R3 = 4.56e+002 C1 = 1.58e-008 C2 = 1.36e-009 A = 6.43e+014 C = 1.87e+017 R2 = 1.68e+004. I checked and crossover is well 5 kHz with a 45° phase margin at the 10-V input. Jun 7, 2020 at 21:18

In the left side of the drawing, you can see a list of variables. These variables correspond to information extracted from the open-loop response of the power stage. However, considering the negative voltage delivered by the buck-boost converter, we will observe the response after the inverting block $$\E_1\$$. Then, we will extract the attenuation at the selected 5-kHz crossover frequency. The phase is important and will let us compute the necessary phase boost to calibrate the type 3 compensator and place poles and zeroes. However, in this exercise, the position of these elements has been done earlier in the text. The power stage response $$\H(s)\$$ is here:
The incriminated resistance $$\R_2\$$ is 16.8 k$$\\Omega\$$ and not 18.6 k$$\\Omega\$$ as mistakenly printed. Once these values are applied, the compensated loop gain is here: