How do you choose the series resistor value for the LED side of an optocoupler. My application uses this opto to interface a button that is about 25meters(50 meter wire roundtrip) away from the device.
For choosing R44 or the collector pullup was pretty easy since the datasheet has provided a 1k. On the other side however there is no mention of a resistor. I would like for the led to be able to take inputs from at least 3.3 to 12volts.
And having a look at the input characteristics of from the datasheet the maximum forward current is 60 mA(for a typical LED this is very very large). What would be the minimum current of the LED for so that the PIN can still safely register an "ON" state. Would a higher current(lower value resistor) on the led (30-40mA) be safe for repetitive use?
Going further, to skip using a voltage regulator (it will come from mains anyway) is it possible to use the mains voltage 240 VAC instead since the optocoupler is capable of using AC anyway. How would I choose my resistors then ?