OP's Mathworks link has a link to Ardunio playground Capacitive sensing library link. This link mentions a few points (emphasis mine)
The capacitive Sensor library turns two or more Arduino pins into a capacitive sensor, which can sense the electrical capacitance of the human body.
At its most sensitive, the sensor will start to sense a hand or body inches away from the sensor.
For many applications, a more useful range of values is obtained if the sensor is covered with paper, plastic, or another insulating material, so that users do not actually touch the metal foil.
When the send pin changes state, it will eventually change the state of the receive pin. The delay between the send pin changing and the receive pin changing is determined by an RC time constant, defined by R * C, where R is the value of the resistor and C is the capacitance at the receive pin, plus any other capacitance (e.g. human body interaction) present at the sensor (receive) pin.
In fact, according to them, resistance is bad.
Also if the sensor is exposed metal, it is possible that the send pin will never be able to force a change in the receive (sensor) pin, and the sensor will timeout.
The page gives even more helpful guidelines.
In short, the answer to your question is that, it is dependent on the specific circuit. In the link you provided, the circuit still depends on capacitance and resistance is detrimental to its working.