I have built a simple LM317 regulator power supply and would like to add a pass transistor to provide more current and lower output impedance of the circuit. Here are two alternatives, one I copied and adapted from another question here, using a PNP and NPN transistors, and another which is using only an NPN transistor (adapted from a source using LM338 and multiple 2N3055s in parallel).
The supply will be used for powering an Allo.com Katana DAC and a Raspberry Pi (two similar supplies) so the requirements are 5V at 1.2A (DAC) and 5v at 3A (Rpi with extra usb devices), with very low ripple (in microvolts) and very low output impedance. I have already measured the supply with and without Cadj, and the ripple is so low (50uV) that I decided not to add a capacitance multiplier. The problem is that the audible DAC sound dynamics were much lower than even a cheap smartphone charger, and it was pointed out to me that the regulator has a relatively high output impedance that I should mitigate by adding a pass transistor and/or much more output capacitance.
So my question is which of the alternatives should provide better performance, and does using only a NPN transistor negatively affect the ripple?