I have a quadrature encoder with an index pulse, and I would like to keep track of angular position over multiple turns. The microcontroller I am using has counters that count both index pulses (revolutions) and phase edges. Each time an index pulse is seen, the revolution counter is incremented (or decremented if going in reverse) and the edge counter is reset to zero.
Everything works fine for a normal 'clean' transition through the index pulse. However, if I am unlucky and the direction changes during an index pulse, then the counter that tracks revolutions (i.e. counts index pulse edges) becomes incorrect. It increments the revolution count at the rising edge of the index, but does not decrement it at the falling edge (which corresponds with the same physical position as the rising edge). The result is that the revolution counter is one count higher than it should be.
Is it common to use encoders with an index pulse to track multiple turns? What can be done to avoid this problem?
I am considering using only the first index pulse to reset the edge counter, and then ignoring all subsequent index pulses (just allow phase edges to accumulate instead). The downside is that without the index pulse to reset counts, the accumulated counts may drift over time if used for long periods with occasional missed pulses.