I'm trying to determine the max heating allowable in an insulated copper inductor. This is a pulsed application where peak current in the 5kA range is delivered over <1ms. My task is to figure out how much higher we can go (theoretically) above 5kA without things blowing up / melting.
The fusing current of, say, #8 copper is 14kA over 32ms, which is an order of magnitude more time than this design's pulse length. (We are only considering a single pulse right now, i.e., assume full cooling to ambient between each pulse.)
Based on that, it seems like fusing current should not be the limiting factor. So would the limiting factor be? The melting point of the insulation around the wire? Standard insulation is ok up to ~100degC...but my intuition says that raising the temperature of my inductor say, 50degC in 300 microseconds would still cause something to go very wrong very fast. Or maybe not! I'd appreciate help thinking this through, I'm not an EE! What factors should I be thinking about when heating at this fast a ∆T, if not the insulation melting point?
At the moment, we're thinking about this without regard to cost - an exotic insulation material might be ok if that solves problems.
(as a note: this is only a back of the envelope calculation to explore the design space - if we were actually going to build this, someone who knows what they're doing would be on board!)