(is this even possible? Or will it be 220V DC?)
From this line, I think you need to have a bit more knowledge with regards to AC/DC electricity. When describing AC signals/power lines, since unlike DC it has a varying value w.r.t time, we use a value called "Root Mean Squared" to describe the characteristics. This is because the average of the signal would be zero, so it would not be of interest. take a look at this:
(Image from: https://www.electronics-tutorials.ws/waveforms/waveforms.html)
If you just find the average of the waveform, it will be zero. intuitively, the area under the graph for the positive half cycle is the same in amount as the negative half cycle, however they are different in sign, and thus, the average is zero.
If you want to find the average of the root of the signal squared (mathematically), it will look something like this:
The top one being the original signal and the bottom one being the squared values. long story short, the maths work out like this:
with T being the period of your wave form function and f(t) being the function. so to answer your question, no! rectifying a 220V voltage (so like I said, 220V is the RMS value), depending on how much ripple you have, yields a voltage around the peak of your waveform (Vp). so you need to reduce your voltage.
Look into transformers, step-down to be specific. This way, you reduce the voltage, to say 20V r.m.s. That means 28V peak. But that is not the end! you need to make a stable 24V, and for that you need to find a suitable DC-DC converter. should not be hard to find one, try one of the many electronic component distributors in your country and use the filters to find products matching your specs. the circuit will be something like this:
However, for your application, voltage regulators would mean massive power loss and a lot of over heating, so try to look into as efficient as possible ways (switching converters).
Is this possible and how do I find an appropriate rectifier that can handle this?
Well, there are tons out there! the most important aspect is average forward current. again, look into electronic distributors. but if, say your load draws 100A average current and the diodes have 1V forward drop voltage, the heat generated is just too much and you defo need a heat sink.
Very Important: I just wrote this answer to give you a better understanding of AC voltages. the mains voltage is also lethal and VERY, VERY dangerous if you don't have prior experience, and based on your question I don't think that you do, the best option for you would be to up your budget a notch and buy the pre-designed electronics as it is not a safe process what you wish to do. Hope this helps you.