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I had made a circuit for led strip using esp12e. I had also attached two button to change between colors on the strip. To make it compact I inserted the circuit board inside the casing of 12v supply. Its a metal box with power circuit and some empty space where my circuit fits exactly. Leds are working fine except the button inputs are throwing false positive signals, when open (floating). I had connected a pull down resistor to the input pin. Below is the schematic I used:-

Schematic

And this is the actual circuit.

Actual Circuit

Please help me solve this issue. Without passing those wires from supply didn't cause such noisy triggers but I kind of wanted to put my circuit inside the casing.

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  • \$\begingroup\$ How do you expect the ESP8266 to function as a WiFi device when the whole thing including antenna is inside a metal box? Or are you not using the radio functionality? \$\endgroup\$ – Chris Stratton Sep 3 at 17:20
  • \$\begingroup\$ Actually top part is of plastic and esp's antenna is very close to that. I've a plan of extending antenna to outside of the box too. \$\endgroup\$ – Rishabh Sep 3 at 18:50
  • \$\begingroup\$ @ChrisStratton: i build lots of ESP projects in metal "handy boxes", and they actually work just fine. Range might be shorter, but it's not been an issue for me. \$\endgroup\$ – dandavis Sep 3 at 20:36
  • \$\begingroup\$ this is why i (almost) always use INPUT_PULLUP for buttons; no need for external resistors, no interference from strays. You could try EMF blocking ferrite "beads", the black plastic collars you find on some USB cables and other signaling cables; they effectively prevent false PIR firings. Or use grounded+shielded cables to route the buttons. \$\endgroup\$ – dandavis Sep 3 at 20:38
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Noise is coupling onto the line, with enough current to create a voltage drop across your pulldown resistor.

The quickest fix would be to use a stronger (lower R) pulldown resistor. R=1k would be much less likely to false trigger, and would only draw 11mW.

The next step would be to filter the noise, using a ferrite on the cable or adding an RC (watch the time constant) filter near the input.

schematic

This circuit has the following properties:

  • No voltage divider: input will (eventually) reach full 3.3V
  • C1 charges through R2: rises to 2.1V (63% of 3.3V) in 1 millisec (R2*C1)
  • C1 discharges through R1+R2: drops 63% (3.3V to 1.2V) in 2 millisec ((R1+R2)*C1)
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  • \$\begingroup\$ Lowering R helped a lot. Its not sensing false signals now. Although still on touching the input wires, causes false positives but its bearable. Thanks. \$\endgroup\$ – Rishabh Sep 5 at 16:35
  • \$\begingroup\$ I can add detail for an RC filter if you're interested. \$\endgroup\$ – mbedded Sep 5 at 17:28
  • \$\begingroup\$ Yes please. I am just about to ask that. Thanks in advance. \$\endgroup\$ – Rishabh Sep 5 at 17:38
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Here are some things that can help you find the errors:

  • Please use a multimeter and check for the rectifier output and its corresponding current. Make sure the ESP is getting 3.3V or less. Do NOT give it 5V.
  • Short all mutual GND pins of all modules to remove floating values.
  • Check your code to determine if your pinMode is set right.
  • Because its a metal case, Make sure its not unintentionally shorting any two exposed metal conductors. This can create the disturbance. This is my main hunch on your query
  • Perform a continuity check on the button. Faulty components know how to hide.
  • Check if each modules are working using the multimeter. Replace any component you might have a doubt with.

Hope this helped.

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  • \$\begingroup\$ Thanks for reply. I've taken care of all the things mentioned above. Still the problem persists. I think some kind of interference is causing this. \$\endgroup\$ – Rishabh Sep 3 at 18:49
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    \$\begingroup\$ Generally answers on stack exchange sites should be specific. You've been posting a lot of "list of ideas" answers today, which may in some cases be warranted but are not generally how this site is supposed to be used. \$\endgroup\$ – Chris Stratton Sep 3 at 20:45

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