The things you refer to aren't called "Ribbon Cables". A ribbon cable looks like this:
They're made of many conductors, each a cyclinder in approximately cylindric insulators.
What you show is FPC cable, flexible printed circuitry cable.
It's more like a PCB than a cable!
You can design these with normal PCB design tools, and order them in factories.
Then, they'll have the shape you define, and there's a lot of connectors you can "snap" them into, and these come with info on how the connecting parts (golden in your photo) have to be designed.
There's also "middle ground": FFC, which is basically FPC with "simple" shapes that someone else already designed for you:
However, the FFC/FPC connectors typically require designed PCBs themselves – it simply makes little sense trying to connect a high-density cable to e.g. a breadboard, geometrically. So, you'd need a breakout board (a type of adapter) to connect your board to a connector to connect a cable that's actually a board to another board.
That might very well be the point where it pays to learn how to design your own boards so that you don't need another adapter. Also: When someone decides that it's best to use FPC like your touchscreen designer did, chances are there's high-speed signals involved, which you can't transport well on anything with a 2.54mm pitch, anyways.
But all that is very much in the realm of possible for individuals – designing PCBs is not that hard anymore, and ordering them has become incredibly easy and cheap. You just upload your KiCAD, Eagle, … file to e.g. oshpark.com, and get your PCB a while later for little money.