# The transfer function for a 2nd order opamp low pass filter trying to find the transfer function for a 2nd order opamp low pass filter, can i get a help to find my transfer function ?

can i get a help to find my transfer function ?

Nice Mr Okawa's website shows the formula for a 2nd order low-pass Sallen Key filter: - You can even plug in the component values and get a bode plot. Good luck.

• thank you for your answer. But in my case there is a third capacitor and a voltage at 5 volts. what would you recommend me to do in this case ? Sep 26, 2020 at 14:44
• 3rd cap and 5V are not relevant Sep 26, 2020 at 14:48
• That 5V is the power supply and the capacitor is a filter and local storage for providing current quickly when needed. Sep 26, 2020 at 15:04

You can apply the fast analytical circuit techniques or FACTs to determine this transfer function almost by inspection. This is actually an example of the book I wrote on the subject. The principle lies in finding the time constants involving each of the energy-storing elements, the two capacitors in your circuit. First, you start for $$\s=0\$$ and open the caps. You have a simple voltage follower whose gain is 1: Then, determine the resistance $$\R\$$ driving each capacitor to determine the time constant $$\\tau=RC\$$ when the stimulus source is zeroed ($$\V_{in}\$$ is replaced by a short circuit). You determine a resistance across terminals by installing a test generator $$\I_T\$$ which develops a voltage $$\V_T\$$: the resistance you want is simply: $$\R=\frac{V_T}{I_T}\$$. Here we go for $$\\tau_1\$$ and $$\\tau_2\$$: In the left side, you see that the current source generates a voltage $$\V_1\$$ which biases the (+) pin and is thus duplicated on the output and the (-) input: there is 0 V across the current source (considering an infinite open-loop gain for the op-amp) and thus $$\\tau_1 = 0\cdot C_1=0\;\mathrm s\$$ and since the current source in the right-side drawing only biases the resistances in series, you have: $$\\tau_2=(R_1+R_2)C_2\$$. We can already form the first-order coefficient of our denominator: $$\b_1=(R_1+R_2)C_2\$$.

For the second-order time constant, we set $$\C_2\$$ in its high-frequency state and determine the resistance offered by $$\C_1\$$'s terminals. In this mode, because the voltage at the (+) pin is 0 V, so is the right-side of the current source. Therefore, the voltage $$\V_T\$$ depends on the two paralleled resistors: $$\\tau_{21}=C_1(R_1||R_2)\$$. And that's it! We have our denominator formed as: $$\D(s)=1+sb_1+s^2b_2=1+s(\tau_1+\tau_2)+s^2(\tau_2\tau_{21})=1+\frac{s}{Q\omega_0}+(\frac{s}{\omega_0})^2\$$. There are no zeroes in this transfer function and a quick Mathcad sheet plots the response for you: The FACTs get you straight to the answer by inspection, without writing a single line of algebra. Furthermore, the transfer function is directly expressed in a low-entropy form where meaningful parameters such as a quality factor and a resonant frequency show up naturally.