I'm interested in how to properly realize Grounding in a CAN / RS 485 bus setup.
From my understanding, when non-isolated transceivers are used, in addition to the differential signal lines, a third ground wire should be used in order to eliminate potential differences between the nodes, that is, in order to avoid excess common-mode voltage at the transceivers' inputs.
In contrast, when isolated transceivers are used, no problems caused by different ground potentials will occur as the isolated nodes are floating.
My questions are:
1) Is the above assumption valid?
2) Assuming a CAN bus setup with only two transceivers: It is sufficient to just use one isolated transceiver while the other transceiver does not need to be isolated? From my understanding, this should be the case since no harmful potential differences may occur. Do I need the ground wire in such a setup?
3) If my CAN bus has only isolated transceivers connected, is there any need to provide e.g. a high impedance ground connection at one transceiver in order to deal with static charging (or some other unexpected problem I am not think about)?
Many thanks in advance!