After studying Multilayer Ceramic Capacitors (MLCCs), I have come to grips with the chemical phenomenon that decreases the effective capacitance of a given part.
Without getting into too much of the chemistry, higher voltage reduces the dielectric strength of such capacitors significantly, reducing the capacitance. This is called the DC bias because it is caused by a constant voltage offset applied across the capacitor.
However, I am planning to use some MLCCs as isolation capacitors, which will pass AC signals of a small amplitude regardless of the DC bias across them.
The capacitors are rated for 1 kV so they should provide reasonable isolation before breaking down. I am imagining that when isolating signals that have a greater DC offset, the dielectric will be further broken down and thus even the AC signals will not pass through with the same source/sink capability on the other end due to less capacitance.
If this is not the case, it gives me much greater design freedom. If it is, I would like some proof that accounts for both the AC signal and the DC bias.
Does the DC bias of a MLCC affect AC signals?