1) Vpp/!MCLR 2) Vdd 3) Vss 4) PGD 5) PGC 6) LVP
The relevant PIC16F819-I/P pinouts are as follows (source):
4) RA5/!MCLR/Vpp 14) Vdd 5) Vss 13) RB7/T1OSIPGD 12) RB6/T1OSO/T1CKI/PGC ?) LVP
The documentation for the PIC states that it can be debugged using RB6 and RB7 provided that the DEBUG bit in the Configuration Word is set to '0' (page 102).
Q1) How do I do this? Can it be done through MPLAB?).
Q2) Is programming and debugging as simple as connecting up Vpp, Vdd, Vss, PGD, and PGC (ignoring LVP) from the ICD3 to the pins of the PIC? I have a small breadboard to do this, but I'm wondering if I need additional passive components, which leads me to Q3.
Q3) How should I set up my breadboard to program the PIC?
Q4) Given Q1-Q3 are all satisfied, is programming and debugging as simple (using MPLAB IDE) as writing the code, downloading it to the PIC, and debugging from there? I understand that this question may fall outside the scope of my original 'how do I get started' question. Feel free to ignore it if you feel that it does.
Thank you so much for any guidance on this. I sincerely want to do this correctly!
EDIT: The resolution to this specific issue was eventually found here.