# Inductor - capacitor filter, load disconnected

I'm designing a power supply filter based on inductor - capacitor topology, as shown below.

However, when the load is suddenly disconnected, a high current starts flowing through the capacitor, as the inductor tries to keep the current constant. What are the ways to prevent this? I'm thinking about adding a short circuit protection across the capacitor.

Suggested solution: flyback diode across the inductor.

It would be forward biased during periods marked in red below - the current then is not flowing through the diodes.

The current won't flow through any diode - when input voltage is low - say 0, then the inductor is maintaining the current, which flows through the load, capacitor and diode itself.

I performed a simulation in Falstad, the diode conducts high current.

And in LTspice, which shows high current.

• If load is disconnected, the energy from the inductor is transferred to the capacitor resulting in high current flow. – kubajed Jan 7 at 19:50
• The problem, I suppose, is that the LC by itself is underdamped without the load. It may be detrimental to circuit performance, but if you are able to add damping anywhere it may stabilize the voltage response. Could be in series with the cap, or the inductor. shunt resistance could stabilize too, but I assume that is a no-go. Maybe a shunt RC could help. – mkeith Jan 7 at 20:23
• You simulation appears to have a load of 500u$\Omega$, and in another shot (same simulation?), you have a sine wave input of 100V with 0 impedance. Are these figures what you want? If it were not for the 100V, I would say you were designing a utility substation. In a more likely scenario, the current through your inductor would be much smaller. Apart from that, one way to dissipate unwanted AC from your filter is to add in parallel with your cap, a second cap in series with a resistor. – Math Keeps Me Busy Jan 8 at 3:16
• Would you mind sharing what is the expected load current and the approximate DC voltage at the capacitor? – mkeith Jan 8 at 4:43
• Load current 3 kA and capacitor voltage about 1,5 V – kubajed Jan 8 at 7:44