Why 2 batteries won't short like that?
If we connect both terminals of the same battery it would short, but not when connecting 2 different ones. How does the battery know when it's connected to itself and when it isn't?
From searching similar question I gathered that it has something to do with the salt gate, but I don't see how it solves the problem.
As I understand it:
- Electrons from Zinc flow to the copper side because Cu+ is pulling them.
Is that right? Why that happens? the sulfate-copper solution is electrically neutral, isn't it? And if it still attracts negative charge, why won't it stick to the Sodium from the salt bridge? it's closer.
- Without the salt bridge, the anode side will quickly get too positively charged, and the cathode will get too negatively charged as to oppose whatever happens in 1. Because the salt bridge is there, the buildup of positive and negative charges at the corresponding places gets neutralized, and what happens in 1 can continue.
Is that the answer to why 2 batteries don't short? How so?
Battery 1 anode gives electrons and neutralizes its solution with its own salt bridge, and Battery 2 cathode receives electrons and neutralized its negativity with its own salt bridge.
Why don't they short then?
Edit I think I have a breakthrough. I didn't consider the conservation of charge, I understand the importance of a closed loop now, it explains a lot.
I still got the question about the voltaic cell. Basically, what exactly starts the electron flow from anode to cathode? Both of them are electrically neutral, so what creates the flow?
How does the battery know when it's connected to itself and when it isn't?... it does not know anything .... your question is like
how does water know when there is a hole in a bucket?\$\endgroup\$