# Voltage divider circuit load resistance?

For a test on circuits that I just completed, a question asked about a voltage divider circuit (see below.)

However, we were told to assume that the load had no resistance and was parallel with the second resistor.

Wouldn't this mean that all of the current would be diverted through the load, so that no current would run through the second resistor? And wouldn't that mean that there is no output voltage (V_R) since there isn't any resistance after R1?

The question seems to imply that there would be a nonzero voltage VR, however, and it seems nonsensical if it is equal to zero, but shouldn't we be assuming that the load has infinite resistance so that we are investigating an ideal voltage divider?

• I can only assume poor wording and that they actually meant "no conductance" or "infinite resistance". The alternative doesn't make sense. Commented Jan 21, 2021 at 0:34
• Sounds like very bad english. What does the rest of the text say beyond the paragraph you have provided? If the question for such a simple concept is that muddied then it's going to be problematic going deeper into more complex subject matter. Commented Jan 21, 2021 at 4:21
• Crummy question from the instructor.
– JRE
Commented Jan 21, 2021 at 6:56
• If in doubt and in a test, solve both scenarios. Commented Jan 21, 2021 at 10:18

Infinite resistance means no current, which means it can be ignored. Its a really good trick for analyzing circuits because it can make estimation much faster (and also a trick for opamp circuits).

If the load hand no resistance (0Ω) then all of the current would be diverted through the load and none through R2

A good exercise is to find the voltage for the no load (ideal) condition, then do it with a small load.

What one will find is a load pull down the divider, so a resistor divider doesn't do well with a load if voltage maintenance is the goal

• Yes, that’s true, but doesn’t saying the load has no current imply that the 2nd resistor is completely pointless? And then there is no division of voltage, which usually is the point of this type of circuit? Commented Jan 21, 2021 at 0:36
• @COsborne the "only" point of this type of circuit Commented Jan 21, 2021 at 4:22
• @COsborne: The "LOAD" might be a very high input impedance multimeter, for example. Commented Jan 21, 2021 at 7:45

If not already, one of the things you should become very familiar with is idea of the Thevenin equivalent for the resistor divider case. It really helps in better understanding a case like this one. (By this, I mean understanding it despite poor wording, should that ever happen to you.)

Your schematic can be converted to this one:

simulate this circuit – Schematic created using CircuitLab

Where $$\R_\text{TH}=\frac{R_1\cdot R_2}{R_1+R_2}\$$ and $$\V_\text{TH}=V_{\text{B}_1}\cdot\frac{R_2}{R_1+R_2}\$$.

Now you can easily imagine what happens throughout the range of $$\0\:\Omega\le R_\text{LOAD}\le \infty\: \Omega\$$. It will be easy to work out the current, etc.