Not directly related but perhaps useful, from the experts at Magellan Technology, an Australian firm that has been developing innovative RFID products for 15 years. Here is the response from one of the company’s engineers:
“PIE is used in UHF RFID systems where the disadvantages of its relatively low data rate and poor spectral occupancy are balanced against the advantages of continuously supplying power to the tag and the simplicity of detection circuits required on the tag.
“PIE encoding is based on a given minimum pulse duration or interval called a Tari, which is named after the ISO 18000-6 Type A Reference Interval. The Tari length is the minimum pulse width for the data 0 symbol. The data 1 symbol, as well as special symbols like Start Of Frame (SOF) and End Of Frame (EOF), are composed of differing numbers of Tari periods.
“The jitter performance is set by the ability to distinguish between the respective symbol Tari lengths. In principle, this would be half the relative Tari length between symbols.
For example, with a data 0 symbol length of 1 Tari and a data 1 symbol length of 1.5 Tari, the maximum allowable jitter would be +0.25 Tari for the data 0 symbol and -0.25 Tari for the data 1 symbol.
These represent best-case values, and are expected to reduce depending upon the detection and decoding circuits used on the tag.”
—Mark Roberti, Founder and Editor,RFID Journal
This is different but shares certain aspects of other baseband encoder/decoders commonly used in floppy and hard disk drive (HDD) coding originally used called Modified Frequency Modulation or MFM where data is encoded by simple logic with 1f and 2f resulting a lower transition rate but limited to 1T, 1.5T and 2T. During the 80’s HDD’s used this method at 10Mbps with the clock encoded with the data. Later data rates increased with the modulation scheme changed to RLL 2,7 (Run-Length-Limited)such that the data edge intervals were limited by this range using both edges of the clock. i.e. 2 Clks edges = 1 baud min and 7 Clk edge intervals max with multiple data bits encoded sequentially to reduce the transition rate of recorded edges. (Now much faster and different RLL codes are used)
This is just and example to show how PIE is similar to the RLL pulse intervals are recorded and transferred magnetic recording controllers. Now of course all the encoder, decoders are embedded in the HDD’s and serial data is sent by Serial ATA (Serial Advanced Technology Attachment or SATA to the host.